Today is the tenth anniversary of the Smolensk disaster, in which almost all of Poland’s top leaders, including President Lech Kaczynski, perished.
On April 10, 2010, near Russian Smolensk, as it landed on the Smolensk-Severny military airfield, a Tu-154 plane crashed, on which the delegation of the Polish state was sent to Katyn to participate in commemorative events dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the NKVD executions of the Polish army in 1940 year. The accident killed the 96 people on board the plane, including the presidential couple Lech and Maria Kaczynski, as well as representatives of the Polish political, military and religious elite.
Despite the time, the clarity of the Smolensk disaster does not increase. Over the past ten years, a number of assumptions have emerged regarding its causes and the course of events. At first, the National Aviation Commission for Air Accident Investigation of the Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs recognized the cause of the disaster as a crew error, identifying the lack of air navigation support for the flight by the Smolensk-Severny aerodrome controllers as a factor in the incident. However, other versions started to appear later. In February 2016, in Poland, by decision of the then Minister of Defense, Anthony Matserevich, the investigation resumed, creating an appropriate commission.
In March 2017 Anthony Matserevich described the disaster near Smolensk as a terrorist attack, he also said that there was “undeniable evidence of Russian responsibility for the Smolensk disaster”. In April 2017, the Polish prosecutor’s office reclassified the charges against the Russian distributors from “unconscious” to “conscious” by leading the crew of the presidential plane to an airplane crash.
In April 2018, a subcommittee of the Polish Ministry of Defense published a technical report concerning the Smolensk disaster, which notably noted that the left wing of the Tu-154 was destroyed by an internal explosion. The Forensic Explosives Laboratory, subordinate to the British Ministry of Defense, came to the same conclusions. In late March 2019, experts from this laboratory published a study confirming traces of TNT in most of the 200 samples from the crashed plane of former president Lech Kaczynski.
For the moment, the investigation into this tragedy is continuing. The Polish side has repeatedly raised the issue of the need for Russia to return the wreckage of President Kaczynski’s plane internationally. The Russian side refuses to do so, insisting that it will not be able to do so before the close of the Russian investigation. Warsaw is convinced that the reluctance to give Poland its property testifies to the fact that Moscow has something to hide in the cause of the disaster.
Birthdays of the day:
On this day was born Mstislav (lay name Stepan Ivanovich Skripnik; 1898-1993), a Ukrainian church leader, patriarch of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church since 1990. Nephew (son of a sister) Simon Petlyura. In 1918-1921, coronary of the UPR army, participating in the Polish-Soviet war. In 1930-1939, he was (deputy) ambassador to the Polish Sejm, defending the rights of Ukrainians. One of the organizers and leaders of the Ukrainian Volyn Association (1931-1939), which advocated cooperation with the Polish authorities. In 1942 he was ordained; since 1969 – Metropolitan of the UAOC in Europe, since 1971 – Metropolitan of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the United States. In 1992, he was elected patriarch of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – the Patriarchate of Kiev, but quickly supported the return to UAOC status. Patriarch Mstislav is the founder and organizer of the famous spiritual center of Ukrainian orthodoxy in South Bound Brook (USA, New Jersey), which to this day remains a kind of “Ukrainian Jerusalem” for the Ukrainian diaspora. In the city, the church-monument of Saint St. Andrew the First-Called, dedicated to those who died from the Holodomor of the 1930s in Ukraine, the seminary of St. Sofia, the school of religion and Ukrainian Studies, the House of Ukrainian Culture, a 1500-seat concert hall, the Museum of Religious Sanctuaries, a large library, archives and printing press, a hotel for the elderly and monuments to Princess Olga and Metropolitan Vasily Lipkivsky. In the crypt of the Saint Church The body of the founding patriarch rests in the presence of Saint Andrew the First Called, and around the cathedral is a pantheon of several hectares where eminent Ukrainians from the United States and others are buried country. Patriarch Mstislav, originally from Poltava, is an honorary citizen of Ternopil.
The 173rd anniversary of the birth of Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911), American journalist and publisher of Hungarian origin. He believed that “journalism is, or at least should be, one of the exceptional intellectual professions”. He bequeathed his fortune to the creation of a school of journalism at Columbia University (opened in 1912) and to the establishment of prizes for the best works in the field of literature, art and music (1916) . He left $ 2 million for it. His will was fulfilled and since 1917 the prize, which has been named Pulitzer, has been awarded annually on the first Monday in May by administrators of Columbia University. The official announcement of the award is traditionally made by the President of Columbia University (annually in April). More than two thousand candidates participate in the competition for the prize. The work in an independent jury is entrusted to 90 specialists, who select the most worthy of all categories. The size of the prize is 10 thousand dollars, but this rather modest amount (according to American ideas) does not reflect the importance of the Pulitzer Prize, which is the pinnacle of professional recognition.
78 years since the birth of Shakir Selim (1942-2008), Crimean Tatar poet, translator, publicist, classic of Crimean Tatar literature. Shakir Selim came from a poor Crimean Tatar family, where he was the eighth and last child. Two years later, he and his parents were deported to Dzhambaysky district, in the Samarkand region. Life began on a special settlement: with hunger, disease, the threat of arrest and death. Despite an extremely difficult childhood, the boy grew up, graduated from high school, then from the Faculty of Philology at the University of Samarkand. Then his first poems appeared in the press. He worked as a teacher in a school in Dzhambai, for many years, he was his own correspondent for a local newspaper in the Samarkand region; headed the regional radio programs department. In 1989 he returned to Crimea, worked as deputy editor of the new newspaper Dostluk (Druzhba) in the Tatar language of Crimea, with Daniil Kononenko, as a member of the Ukrainian writers’ delegation, visited Moscow at the All-Union Congress, during which the Writers’ Union was announced Ukraine from the joint venture of the USSR. In 1992 Crimean Tatar writers established the Crimean Tatar Literature Council and Shakira Selima was elected president. He headed the writing organization for the Crimean Tatars until July 2008. Since 1997, Shakir Selim has headed the editorial board of the literary magazine Yildiz (Zvezda). His first poems appeared in press in 1963. Translated into the Crimean Tatar language “Crimean Sonnets” by Adam Mitskevich, works by Taras Shevchenko, Pushkin Lermontov. He participated in the preparation of the books “Far and Close Shevchenko”, a two-volume edition of selected works by Lesia Ukrainka “A flower in the palm of eternity”, “Forest Song” and others. The Crimean Tatar drama theater presented a number of performances in its translations, in particular, The Marriage of Nikolai Gogol, Macbeth by Shakespeare.
398 years since the death of Petr Konashevich-Sagaidachny (born unknown -1622), an exceptional Ukrainian political and cultural figure. By noble of origin. He was raised in the Ostrog school. In 1601 he arrived in the Zaporizhzhya Sich. At the beginning of the 17th century, he took part in campaigns in Moldova and in Livonia, under his direction, the Cossacks successfully lead campaigns against the Sultan Turkey and the Crimean Khanate, on the outskirts of Constantinople, the cities of Asia Minor . The glory of Sagaidachny brought in 1616 the city of Kafa (now Feodosia) – the main slave market in Crimea. It is also worth mentioning the participation of forty thousand Cossack soldiers led by Sagaidachny in the battle of Khotyn (1621). Then, Ukrainian troops, having joined the Polish army, played a decisive role in the defeat of the Turkish-Tatar army, which threatened the countries of Europe. Sagaidachny, along with the Poles, took part in the campaign against Moscow in 1618, however, due to the weakness of the Polish army, they could not take Moscow. Hetman played an important role in restoring the autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, which was almost completely eliminated after the Brest Union. In 1620, taking advantage of Patriarch Theophanes of Jerusalem’s visit to Kiev, he obtained the initiation of the new Orthodox metropolitan of Kiev and five Orthodox bishops. For Sagaidachny Khotin was the last of the victories. During the battle, the hetman was injured in the arm, he came to Kiev, was gravely ill and died quickly. He was buried at the Kiev Brotherhood Monastery in Podil. Cossack cannons thundered over the tomb and the laudable odes “to the plaintive cellar” of the hero of the campaigns in Moscow and Khotin were composed by the then rector of the fraternal school Kassian Sakovich. A contemporary of Sagaidachny Pole, Jan Sobieski, who had done many campaigns with him, describes the hetman as follows: “In general, he was a man of great spirit, he himself sought danger, without thinking with his life , he was first in battle when he had to retreat – the last; he was agile, active, careful in the camp, slept little and did not drink – as usual with the Cossacks; at meetings he was cautious and unintelligible in all conversations; he was very strict against the self-control of the Cossacks and punished him with death for fault. The Ukrainian people have kept the memory of Sagaidachny in the famous song “Oh, to reap the wives of women”.
According to the materials: ukrinform.ru