How do residents of different countries work in quarantine?

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Residents of China, France, the UK, Portugal, Poland and Ukraine talk about how quarantine affected their work, earnings and expenses.

How the coronovirus affected the inhabitants of different countries. Photo: aljazeera.com

Beginning in late January, countries around the world introduced restrictive measures to control the spread of coronovirus COVID-19. As a result of nationwide quarantine, many people went into remote work mode, faced pay cuts, or were sent on unpaid leave. the version Payspace magazine Residents in China, France, Great Britain, Portugal, Poland and Ukraine asked how quarantine affected their daily lives: work, income and expenses.

China

PRC during the coronovirus epidemic. Photo: qz.com

Natalia is a Ukrainian who has been living in China for 7 years. Initially, she worked in the service industry as a dancer and a model, as well as improving her photo and video skills. Later, she applied the knowledge gained to promote a family business, an online hip-hop underground clothing store. Currently, Natalya lives with her husband in Chengdu City, the capital of Sichuan Province, in the southwest of China.

According to the girl, she and her husband “quit smoothly” in quarantine – the beginning of restrictive measures coinciding with the weekend in honor of the Chinese New Year, which is celebrated in late January. Before the holiday, most Chinese small and medium-sized businesses shut down financial and production issues, as all employees went home to celebrate the New Year in the family circle.


China was the first country to introduce restrictive measures to prevent the spread of coronovirus disease. Since 23 January, the city of Wuhan, in which the first outbreak of the disease was recorded, has been changed after six days, to all areas – adjoining the village in the district. The authorities later canceled it all over the country. According to Natalia, the news of the virus spread seriously frightened her family.


As noted by the girl, most of her family’s expenses remained unchanged: rent, products, essential goods for business. At the same time, expenses related to quarantine restrictions were abolished: cafes, restaurants, parties and trips. Regarding the cost of COVID-19 treatment in China, Natalia said that treatment is paid for foreigners if it is not covered by basic medical insurance. Referring to the experience of Guangdong, the girl said that the Chinese are covered by insurance companies, part of the cost of treatment, the rest is paid by the state. Citizens without insurance pay for self-treatment. However, those who cannot pay for medical services due to financial problems will still receive assistance in accordance with local laws and regulations.

Photo: Respondent’s personal collection

Contrary to Natalya’s apprehensions, her business was not harmed during the quarantine – people continued to buy clothes and the money received was sufficient for housing and other needs. According to the girl, some of her friends, who were also engaged in e-commerce, had increased sales during the epidemic: “People sitting at home are visibly bored, they have nothing to spend, So they switched to buying things. “

During the quarantine, the couple worked to update the items available in the online store: they wore new clothes, added their details and posted them on the Internet. In late March, with the first quarantine concessions, Natalya and her husband decided to expand the business by hiring two new employees. Nevertheless, the girl carefully makes predictions about the store’s further development, referring to the uncertainty of the economic situation in China and the world. Natalia’s dream is to go international with sales.

France

Quarantine Paris. Photo: aljazeera.com

Adrian is a car rental company. He is the deputy head of the Paris Agency, which rents minibuses and minibuses for business and tourists.

According to Adrian, since March 14, all bars, clubs, restaurants and other establishments in France have been closed. On 17 March, the country imposed a nationwide quarantine, banning any non-vital movements of citizens. Residents of the country can leave home if:

  1. If they can’t work from home (eg workflow management)
  2. To buy food, go to the pharmacy or doctor
  3. For sports (eg walking or running), but not more than 1 hour per day and within 1 km of the house

Quarantine had a profound effect on Adrian’s business. His staff shut down the agency on March 15, sending all employees home indefinitely.


Although Adrian now gets an incomplete salary, he manages to save money due to lack of spending on parties, bars, restaurants, music, taxis and travel. In addition, he said that the French government covered 100% of the cost of treating coronovirus.

Photo: Respondent’s personal collection

Since Adrian is currently on paid leave, his normal days are as follows: getting up at 9-10 am, relaxing on the terrace, playing / running, housekeeping, cooking, calling with bosses and coworkers, with friends “Meet” FaceTime, movie watching and travel plans for 2021. Explains that most of the discomfort is happening now due to loneliness.

United Kingdom

Billboards in Britain remind us of the importance of quarantine. Photo: insider.com

James works as a recruiter for a British healthcare company. Such workers care for people with special needs (eg, people with autism spectrum disorder), as well as children from families with problems and / or survivors of violence.

Quarantine was introduced in the UK on 23 March with the following restrictive measures:

  • Start of social meetings of more than two people and ban on public meetings
  • Closure of public institutions and shops that do not sell essential goods
  • Attractions and amusement parks are closed to visitors (regular parks are open), playgrounds are decorated

During the quarantine period, citizens can leave their place of residence in many cases:

  1. For purchase of food and medicine
  2. For sports and other physical activities in the fresh air (running, walking, cycling – alone or with family members)
  3. For medical reasons, donate blood, get medical help or accompany people who need it
  4. Travel for work when necessary

At the same time, public transport including the metro continues to operate, but at shorter intervals. Larger supermarkets and pharmacies began offering limited numbers of visitors (for example, some pharmacists to no more than two people at a time), including part of retail chains that allowed couples to enter their stores Did not give London City Airport postponed operations until at least May, with other airports in the country (Manchester Airport and Gatwick) continuing to operate, but with fewer available terminals. On 16 April, quarantine in the country was extended for another three weeks.

According to James, the United Kingdom introduced quarantine much later than many other European countries, causing many to criticize the government’s actions: “For example, while the police could have stopped you on the street in France, Theme parks and other places of entertainment were opened in Britain. “.

Prior to quarantine, the company discussed with employees the possibility of remote work and its need. According to James, after the announcement of “lockdown”, the transition to Eudlenka was simple.


James said that he was still paid salaries, but without the necessary bonuses. Bonuses will be paid when everything is normal. 240 people who no longer work receive 80% of their salary from the state. As noted by the man, now the greatest difficulty in the field of personnel selection is attracting new customers who are not so open to new cooperation at present. The company also had to solve the problem of how to interview people (all interviews and consultations are done via Skype and over the phone).


James said that in Britain, free medicine, therefore, does not require financial costs for the treatment of coronaviruses. All costs are borne by taxpayers: “Even a poor person has the same level of medical care at any cost.”

Portugal

Left Portugal. Photo: reutersmedia.net

After 12 years of work in the telecommunications industry, Diogo left his company to devote himself entirely to his favorite business – music and journalism. In early 2019, he and his friend launched Metal Hammer Portugal, a metal music magazine that operates in Portugal under the franchise of the original British publication. Diogo is currently the editor-in-chief of this magazine.

Initially, quarantine was introduced in Portugal from mid-March to early April, but was then extended for a few more weeks. According to Diogo, the restrictive measures in Portugal were not very different from other countries: first bars and other institutions stopped working, then small business stopped working – someone switched to a remote mode of operation, And someone was fired. The government then closed its borders with Spain, allowing entry and exit from the country only for export / import of goods. According to Diogo, the Portuguese government has responded to the “very rapid” proliferation of COVID-19 in Spain, Italy, France and the UK.


Since Diogo works from home, the introduction of quarantine did not greatly affect his editorial work: even before the epidemic, he conducted numerous interviews with groups by phone or Skype. Diogo said that during quarantine, he was able to increase his savings due to canceling expenses for parties or regular dinners with friends. Their expenses are now minimal: food, taxes, mobile phones and internet. Still, he is preparing for a drop in income, as the epidemic hit the music industry hard.


Photo: Respondent’s personal collection

According to Diago, his mother, the owner of a small hairdresser, suffered the most from the epidemic. At the time of quarantine, he had to close his business. Diogo said the government is developing programs to support small enterprises, so her mother hopes she will be able to return to work soon.

Regarding the cost of treatment of coronavirus in Portugal, Diogo said the country’s health care is free, as all expenses are covered by taxes. If desired, citizens can go to private clinics, but their services cost “huge” money.

Poland

Graffiti in Poland “Not all heroes wear raincoats.” Photo: foreignpolicy.com

Tomasz is a researcher at Jagiellonian University in Krakow. At the moment, his university laboratory is studying coronaviruses.

The Polish government began imposing quarantine restrictions on 10 March, closing schools and universities. Already on 13 March, the state of the epidemic was declared in relation to the spread of coronavirus. According to Tomas, in the early days, shops, hairdressers, cinemas, public transport and shopping centers in Poland continued to operate. If possible, citizens were recommended to work from home, but there were no direct instructions from the authorities. However, with each passing day, restrictions became more stringent: social distance, restrictions on public meetings of more than two people (marriages, funerals, religious meetings – up to five people, public transport – more than half of the filled spaces No). A week after quarantine began, one of Tomáz’s colleagues became infected with a coronovirus, forcing him to isolate himself for a week at home.


Photo: Carolina Luczkowska

During the quarantine, Tomash continued to pay salaries continuously, so he did not face financial difficulties.


According to Tomash, quarantine allowed him to expand the scope of activities through collaboration with other researchers. Among Udalenka’s main difficulties, he called for a decrease in productivity and a problem with the organization of people’s work.


Talking about the cost of treatment of coronavirus in Poland, Tomas said that any treatment is paid through taxes on health. Nevertheless, he said that the main problem is how many patients will be able to receive effective treatment at the same time. According to him, Poland, like other EU countries, does not have adequate protective materials and tests for the presence of COVID-19. However, the health care system is not as heavily weighted as in the case of Italy, Spain and France.


Ukraine

संगरोध अवधि के दौरान कीव। फोटो: अजनबी

तमारा एक इतिहास शिक्षक और पाँचवीं कक्षा के एक कक्षा शिक्षक के रूप में कीव के सोलोमेन्स्की जिले के व्यायामशाला में काम करती हैं। वह और उसके सहकर्मी संगरोध प्रतिबंधों को महसूस करने वाले पहले व्यक्ति थे: 16 मार्च को देश के सभी शैक्षणिक संस्थान बंद थे।

तमारा के अनुसार, संगरोध की शुरुआत के बाद, व्यायामशाला एक पूर्ण कीटाणुशोधन से गुजरती है और अब कर्मचारियों के लिए बंद है। शिक्षक को घर से बच्चों को शिक्षित करने के लिए मजबूर किया जाता है: वे वीबर, स्काइप और टीवी पर प्रसारित होने वाले वीडियो सबक को बचाते हैं। वह कहते हैं कि अब लोड दोगुना हो गया है।


छात्रों के साथ संवाद करने के लिए, तमारा ने प्रत्येक वर्ग के लिए Viber में अलग-अलग समूह बनाए: वहाँ वह कार्य करती है, जिसके उत्तर छात्रों को देते हैं। इस प्रकार, स्कूल के सभी शिक्षक काम करते हैं: गणितज्ञों से लेकर श्रम और शारीरिक शिक्षा के शिक्षक तक। स्काइप या ज़ूम पर बच्चों के लिए उत्तरार्द्ध आचरण वीडियो ट्यूटोरियल।

तमारा के अनुसार, वह और उसके स्कूल के साथी और कीव के अन्य शिक्षक जो वेतन से परिचित हैं, उन्हें पूरा भुगतान किया जाता है: “हम घर पर भी रहते हैं, लेकिन मैं एक दिन में 30-40 काम करता हूँ।” उनके अनुसार, व्यायामशाला के तकनीकी कर्मचारियों से आधी दर ली जाती है, अन्य स्कूलों में कुछ शिक्षक संघ की छुट्टी पर चले जाते हैं, संघ उनके वेतन का भुगतान करता है। तमारा के अनुसार, संगरोध के दौरान, उसके खर्च कम हो गए, क्योंकि परिवहन, कैफे, थिएटर और अन्य मनोरंजन गायब हो गए। अब मुख्य खर्च उत्पादों पर है।

व्यायामशाला में जहां तमारा काम करता है, ट्यूशन (250 UAH) का भुगतान किया जाता है, प्राप्त धन शैक्षिक संस्थान की नींव के न्यासी बोर्ड में जाता है। हालांकि, अब माता-पिता में से कुछ भी भुगतान नहीं कर रहे हैं। “जब उन्होंने संगरोध में प्रवेश किया, तो किसी ने इसके बारे में नहीं सोचा। व्यायामशाला का बोर्ड भुगतान के मुद्दों से संबंधित है, जिसमें प्रत्येक वर्ग से मूल परिषद का एक प्रतिनिधि शामिल है। लेकिन अब कोई भी एक साथ नहीं मिलेगा और न ही कुछ तय करेगा।

शिक्षक ने कहा कि जब शिक्षक घर से काम करते हैं, तो सभी दस्तावेज, विशेष रूप से मूल्यांकन पत्रिकाओं में, संगरोध के बाद भरे और निष्पादित किए जाएंगे। स्कूलों में, 4 वीं और 9 वीं कक्षा के लिए राज्य का अंतिम प्रमाणन रद्द कर दिया गया था, लेकिन 11 वीं के लिए जेडएनओ छोड़ दिया गया, जो सबसे अधिक संभावना है, जुलाई को स्थगित कर दिया जाएगा। छात्रों को इलेक्ट्रॉनिक रूप से टाइमशीट प्राप्त होगी। हाल ही में कॉल और स्नातक की सिफारिश नहीं की जाती है। सितंबर में, ज्ञान खंड स्कूलों में आयोजित किए जाएंगे, और पाठ्यक्रम को पिछले वर्ष के विषयों को दोहराने के लिए समायोजित किया जाएगा। इसे बिल्कुल कैसे बदला जाएगा – प्रत्येक शैक्षणिक संस्थान स्वतंत्र रूप से निर्णय लेता है।

Read: कोरोनावायरस और अर्थशास्त्र: स्टेट्स बिज़नेस कैसे मदद करते हैं


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