In Ukraine, there is a lack of confidence in the Babiy Yar Memorial Center – Drobovich project
The initiative of Babi Yar memorials at the Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center does not inspire confidence in Ukrainian society.
This opinion was expressed during the round table by the president of the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory, Anton Drobovich, reports a correspondent of Ukrinform.
“As for one of the last major private initiatives to commemorate Babi Yar, which began in 2016, when, with the support of private donors of Ukrainian, Russian and Jewish origin, an attempt to create the Memorial Center of the Holocaust Babi Yar was born, there are problems. Because society is now wary of this project and, on the other hand, of extremely strong attention, ”said Drobovich.
According to him, the conflict is now over how to commemorate Babi Yar in conditions where there is the Babi Yar National Reserve with its modest capacities and the potentially important project of the Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center, which is initiated by donors, most of whom are foreign.
“Consequently, we have, on the one hand, a crisis of confidence in the way in which the commemoration will be carried out, on the other hand, dissatisfaction with the way in which the state has commemorated in previous years. There is a community of experts who propose a solution on how to commemorate the Babi Yar space, and in addition, we have quite obvious risks associated with the fact that part of the donors of the Babi Yar project are of Russian origin, Russian capital and there is a threat that they may somehow influence the narrative of the project, ”said the head of the IPU.
At the same time, he stressed that if there is no confidence, the fate of this project will be the same as all previous private initiatives that have not taken place.
“Therefore, Vitaliy Nakhmanovich (vice-chairman of the working group on the development of the concept of Babi Yar at the Institute for the History of Ukraine of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – editor’s note) other experts note that government action is needed here, because if the state does not start to act, these private initiatives will come and go. Confidence is not enough for this project at the moment, ”said Drobovich.
He also recalled that former Minister of Culture Vladimir Borodyansky had at one point proposed a specific form of cooperation with all participants in the project.
“The last operating logic formulated by the competent minister was such that the State elaborated general framework rules and invited all those who wished. And this framework, and these rules will be developed by the state. In dialogue with all stakeholders. But the state will be responsible, because society gives it power. This framework has not yet been changed. And we invite everyone only in this form of cooperation, ”said Drobovich.
As reported, in 2016 in Ukraine founded the Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center. According to the plan, in 2023, a memorial with a museum and a research space should be inaugurated at the Babi Yar site in Kiev.
See also: the Babi Yar museum should open its doors next year – Drobovich
However, the project has been criticized for being invested by Russian businessmen of Ukrainian descent Pavel Fuks, Mikhail Fridman and German Khan.
In September 2019, the jury of the international architecture competition chose the project for the future Holocaust Memorial Center “Babi Yar”, developed by a team of Austrian architects. They proposed to trace an underground path that leads to the center with dark and bright rooms. However, the project has been criticized for violating traditional Jewish law prohibiting the excavation and development of burial sites.
Opponents of the Friedman-Khan concept advocate another version of the museum, which was developed by the History Institute of the National Academy of Sciences. He proposed to open a museum in the existing premises of the former office of the Jewish cemetery. In 2018, the Ministry of Culture funded this idea, but the project was frozen.
According to the materials: ukrinform.ru