The draft law on penal reform proposes major changes and aims to reduce budget allocations and more effective re-socialization of prisoners.
This was announced by Minister of Justice Denis Malyuk on Facebook.
“The condemned, going to prison, actually go to criminal schools, get used to the criminal environment, the criminal hierarchy. And during our stay at the crime school, we provide these students with housing costs, food and security at budget costs. Most prisoners do not work and do not want to work. We will change that and, because of the decrease in budgetary funds, we will do more. We have developed our flagship bill in this area and are now planning to send it to the authorities for approval, ”said Malyuska.
He noted that, first of all, people’s access to guarantees will be improved as an alternative to the pre-trial detention center, which today can only be granted to the wealthy, who have large amounts of money.
“We offer to accept not only cash, but also, for example, real estate. Or give the possibility of paying in installments, “said the minister.
According to him, the deadlines for those imprisoned during the trial are also proposed.
“Now there are only such delays in the preliminary investigation. In court, during the trial, there are no limits to the detention of people in pre-trial detention centers. As a result, the trial delays people 5 times longer than people awaiting trial, “said Malyuka.
It is also proposed to introduce a new type of sanction: probationary surveillance. It is at this point that a person, instead of a prison, falls under the control of a probationary body.
“He has certain responsibilities, for example, getting a job, undergoing treatment, training, sometimes electronic monitoring will monitor his movement. People on probation no longer commit new crimes. 98% of people are completely normalized and resocialized. An extremely effective way of influencing criminals, “said the official.
In addition, there are plans to maximize the scope of public works as a form of punishment. And we are not talking about serious crimes here, but minor crimes, when it does not make sense to send a person to places of deprivation of liberty. Public works will be applied both as a primary sanction and as an additional form of sanction, for example, in conjunction with probationary observation.
“We are proposing to abolish this type of sentence as a restriction of liberty when a person sleeps in a correctional center and during the day can go beyond. Why such a sanction exists and what its purpose is is not entirely clear. Consequently, we want the restriction of liberty to be replaced by probationary supervision. In addition, we want to individualize the sanction as much as possible. And we focus on assessing the risks and needs of each convict. Such an assessment will serve as a basis for determining the subsequent fate of the convicted. For example, early parole, which says that about 30% of all convicts are now released. In addition, this release takes place for rather vague reasons. We want early parole to take place on the basis of a scientifically sound statistical method – the risk that such a convicted person will repeat a crime, “said Malyuka.
See also: Ukraine introduces restorative juvenile justice program
He also said that the Ministry of Justice was launching universal penal institutions with multiple levels of security, so that criminals of different levels of danger could be detained in the same institution. And also so that these institutions contain separate and isolated sections of pre-trial detention centers.
“This will allow us to make significant budgetary savings and allow us to close a large number of half-empty prisons. On the other hand, detainees will be able to be closer to their families – to receive communications and to communicate more often with their relatives. We also want to introduce an assessment or rating of prisons based on many factors – the level of respect for human rights, the safety conditions of prisoners, the quality of risks and needs assessments … All this we will make the system cheaper, on the one hand, and significantly more efficient, “said the Minister.
As noted, the concept of reform (development) of the prison system of Ukraine was adopted by the Groysman government in September 2017.
According to the materials: ukrinform.ru