Ukrainian journalists celebrate professional holiday
Today, Ukrainian journalists celebrate their professional holiday.
Journalists’ Day is celebrated in accordance with the presidential decree of 25 May 1994 each year on this date. On that day, June 6, 1992, the Journalists’ Union of Ukraine was admitted to the International Federation of Journalists, which is the world’s largest organization of media professionals.
As you know, the word journalist and journalism comes from the French language. The newspaper “journal” was born from a reduction in the term “newsprint” and means “daily (sheet)”, which in turn comes from the Latin “daily news”. In other words, journalists are newsletters, those who inform, bring daily news. The newspaper prototype is considered an old manuscript news. Julius Caesar began publishing “Senate Proceedings” and then “Daily Public Plaques”, which recorded a chronicle of the events. Around the year 911, Jin Bao (The Metropolitan Herald) began to appear in China. It is believed that the first newspaper was published in 1605 in Strasbourg in French. But the first successful daily publication appeared in the UK – the newspaper The Daily Courant was published from 1702 to 1735.
Over time and with the development of society, the press has become an influential social tool under the title “Fourth State” (Fourth State – “fourth State”). These words, which later became the term, are attributed to Thomas Carlyle and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
In Ukraine journalism as a profession began in the 19th century. For the next 100 years she tried to grow, but she was unlucky – journalists were allowed to move along the narrow path of Marxism-Leninism, unrest, propaganda – everything else was a field of continuous taboos.
With the start of independence, a revival of the traditions of Ukrainian journalism took place, but, again, new dangers and challenges awaited it, such as society, self-censorship, the heavy legacy of the post past. -totalitarian, venality, the famous “temniks”, the will to write personalized documents, to give in under client and much more. And despite everything, Ukrainian journalism continues to develop, fulfilling one of the main functions – to identify important subjects for society, their disclosure and the formation of discussions, which contributes to the development of the same society.
See also: Ukraine to appeal to Hague court over prosecution of journalists in Crimea
In addition to Journalists’ Day, there are other professional holidays – International Day of Solidarity with Journalism (September 8), International Day of Sports Journalists (July 2), Press Day in Ukrainian language (November 12, Unofficial holiday), Ukrainian Radio, Television and Communications Workers Day (November 16) However, Journalists’ Day is the “most sincere” holiday of the Ukrainian journalistic community, because it was founded at the dawn of the independence of our State, at the time of great expectations and a strong hope for change in society.
Prime Minister Denis Shmygal congratulated Ukrainian journalists on their professional vacation.
“As a citizen and representative of the authorities, I regard the independence of journalism as an absolute value and a public good that no one has the right to encroach on, including media owners,” wrote the head of government. on Facebook.
According to the materials: ukrinform.ru