The goal of the Smart City is not only to improve the quality of life in the city, but also to support it in the event of global disasters.
During the coronavirus epidemic, megacities lost their former attraction – in cities it is more difficult to overcome on its own and there is much more limited space for self-isolation. The need for daily visits to central offices also vanished, and long-distance transport became absolutely a problem in the event of a public transport stop.
But the unexpected outbreak of the Kovid-19 is a chance to focus on what can change in modern cities, and in particular their technological and digital devices. Previously, most innovations were difficult to take root from and gradually adopted by residents, but now, after mass immersion in online and smartphones, we can seriously talk about digitization of the city. In addition, it could save millions of lives during subsequent epidemics.
The goal of the Smart City now is not only to improve the quality of life in the city with the help of technology, but also to support it in the event of global disasters. In the midst of the epidemic, many measures taken by city officials were applied literally “on the fly” – but these decisions made the concept of a “smart city” more flexible and promising.
One of the first techniques used in the fight against the Kovid-19 was the tracking and movement control system. The Israeli Magon application has become an example of an effective smart city mechanism: with this, the user receives contact notifications with patients, as the application has access to human routes.
Intelligent video surveillance systems were introduced in South Korea and Singapore to cleverly identify violators – facial recognition technology also helped identify those who had neglected personal security measures. Tracity, a case tracking application, allowed Singapore to stay away from quarantine for a long time.
Public transport is a separate commodity – the epidemic has increased the number of personal vehicles such as zero scooters, bicycles and scooters. Cities around the world have already started to develop new infrastructure convenient for small private vehicles. Milan, Paris and Brussels are experimenting with new SmartCity solutions and offering the development of shared services and robot delivery services (which should unload bike lanes from couriers).
Drones became a real weapon against unnecessary contacts – they began to actively use them to monitor compliance with quarantines, deliver all types of cargo, and even communicate. In addition, Kovid-19 completely replaced the urban video surveillance system, which has greatly expanded its functionality. Now cameras recognize faces, measure temperature and can also assess threat thanks to the integration of AI.
In addition, he found a powerful inspiration for the development of 3D modeling technologies for urban environments and services. The most striking example is the French Smart Service, launched by Cerdel.
The SmartService platform is based on a digital three-dimensional model of the city area and gives you data (buildings, infrastructure), measurement indicators (public lighting, waves effects, number of people on the roads) and urban landscape (pollution, traffic, etc. ) Allows determining. .
To counter Kovid-19, an even heavier online surveillance industry has evolved. In many cities around the world, thousands of services were launched to track the dynamics and geography of the epidemic, digital channels of communication were established between residents and local authorities, and online reporting systems appeared. Historically, one of the important barriers to digital technology was data exchange, but COVID-19 provoked a significant change in this direction.
The epidemic has shown that if indeed there is an urgent need for data exchange, it is possible and the main task of modern cities will be to continue it in the future. Urban life can change completely – e-government, e-health and telecommunications, telecommunications, online education and e-commerce are already a new part of the world.
Smart city technology can make cities a safe place for an epidemic and other disasters – to take precautions, maintain communication and provide people with everything they need. It is unlikely that anyone will return to the technology of the previous year unless they want to recreate a lot of problems.
Read: Cities of the future: What will urban life be like by 2030 (photo, video).