One-third of respondents believe they are not interesting for Internet scammers
98% of Ukrainian youth use the Internet every day, but most are not aware of the basic security of their accounts, in particular, the act of two-factor verification. Third click on any link from friends, and 20% use a password for all sites and services, so as not to be forgotten.
These are the results of an Internet behavior study conducted in Ukraine by Corestone commissioned by Albany Associates. It was attended by teenagers aged 14–18 from Kiev, Odessa, Lviv, Kharkov, Ninipro, Nikolaev, Krivoy Rog and Zaporozhe. Key problems were investigated: knowledge of the two-factor verification function, phishing, password protection, public Wi-Fi network access and general awareness of secure behavior on the Internet.
According to the results, a third of respondents believe they are not interesting for Internet scammers. Therefore, they are not serious about protecting themselves and personal information on the network.
98% of young users surveyed use the Internet from smartphones every day or several times. The most popular works on the Internet are the use of instant messenger, viewing sites and social media feeds. For half of young Ukrainians, the worst possible consequences of cyber fraud are that criminals will break their social media accounts and ask for money from their friends on their behalf, as well as if the virus is able to access all files on their computer, smartphone or other device Destroys. For the older generation, the worst possibility of a cyber attack is primarily the loss of money from bank accounts.
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At the same time, the study revealed that most adolescents are not aware of such a basic function of protecting personal accounts as two-factor verification. This function allows you to protect personal data, even if someone accidentally clicked on a phishing link, used an open Wi-Fi network, or otherwise compromised themselves in cyberspace. However, one-third of adolescents who know of the existence of this function still do not use it. This significantly increases the risk of hacking their accounts and loss of personal data as well as money from accounts.
One-third of users polled never followed strangers’ links, but the same number immediately clicks on links sent by friends. At the same time, according to IBM X-Force Threat Intelligence 2020 global research, cybercrime is increasingly “pretending” to be big consumer brands that make users trust and fake links to their sites. Most often in 2019, scammers used Google and YouTube domains for phishing. The top 10 brands also include Apple, Amazon, Instagram, Facebook and Netflix.
Furthermore, according to the study, 34% of youth connect to open Wi-Fi networks once or several times a week. It should be remembered that scammers can gain access to users’ important personal information and even steal money through public Wi-Fi. 20% of youth in Ukraine use a password for all sites and services, so as not to forget it.
How to protect yourself with two-factor verification?
Two-factor verification (two-factor authentication / two-step verification) is used not only in major Internet services such as Google, iCloud, Microsoft, but also in most social networks and banking applications. To enable this feature, follow a few simple steps:
- Go to the settings of the application or service, if necessary, select the desired account.
- Find the security section.
- Select the two-step verification option.
- Follow the instructions on the screen and select a method for additional confirmation, for example, using an SMS message.
The required steps may vary depending on the specific program and operating system of the device.
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At the initiative of Albany Associates, Ukraine is continuing a project to raise the level of awareness of Ukrainians in matters of cyber hygiene, for Ukrainians to learn how to better protect themselves in the Internet space. The campaign is supported by the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, the State Service for Special Communications and Information Protection of Ukraine and the Cyber Police.
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